1996 Agreement Between India And China Upsc

Network Level: Document 2- India-China Border Issue Article V Both sides will take into account, among other things, historical evidence, national sentiments, practical difficulties and reasonable concerns and sensitivities of both parties, as well as the actual state of the border areas. Article VI The boundary should be along clearly defined and easily identifiable natural geographical features, which must be the subject of mutual agreement between the two parties. Article VII In order to reach a settlement of borders, both sides respect the interests of their populated populations in border areas. Article VIII In the agreed framework of the final settlement of borders, the delimitation of the border is carried out using means such as modern mapping and gauge practices and joint investigations. Article IX Pending a final settlement of the border issue, both sides should scrupulously respect and respect the effective line of control and cooperate to maintain peace and tranquility in border areas. The India-China Joint Working Group and the India-China Diplomatic and Military Panel continue their work under the agreements of 7 September 1993 and 29 November 1996, including clarification of the effective line of control and implementation of confidence-building measures. Convinced that an early settlement of the border issue will promote the fundamental interests of both countries and should therefore be pursued as a strategic objective, you agreed on the following policy parameters and guiding principles for a border settlement: Article I Border differences should not influence the overall development of bilateral relations. Both sides will resolve the border issue through peaceful and friendly consultations. Neither party can use or threaten to use violence against the other party by any means. The final resolution of the border issue will greatly promote good neighbourly and friendly relations between India and China. Article II Both sides should strive, in accordance with the five principles of peaceful coexistence, to achieve a just, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution to the border issue through equal consultations from the political perspective of the whole bilateral relations.

Article III Both sides should make judicious and mutually acceptable adaptations of their respective positions on the border issue in a spirit of mutual respect and mutual understanding in order to reach a comprehensive solution to the border issue. The border settlement must be final and cover all areas of the India-China border. Article IV Both parties will take due account of each other`s strategic and reasonable interests and the principle of mutual and equal security. For Prelims: disputed areas between India and China, creation and provisions to address the management of these territories. The Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People`s Republic of China (hereafter referred to as both parties), convinced that they serve the fundamental interests of the peoples of India and China to promote a long-term constructive and cooperative partnership based on the five principles of peaceful coexistence, mutual respect and sensitivity to the concerns and aspirations of the other and equality. , with the desire to qualitatively enhance bilateral relations at all levels and in all areas, while respecting differences in a manner that is fair, reasonable and acceptable to both sides, and to renew the commitment to respect and implement the agreement on peacekeeping and calm, signed on 7 September 1993, along the line of effective control in the border regions between India and China , and the agreement on confidence-building measures in the military field, signed on 23 June 2003, along the effective line of control in the border areas between the Republic of China and the border between the Republic of China and the Republic of China, signed on 29 November 1996, reaffirming the declaration on the principles of relations and comprehensive cooperation between India and China , recalling that both sides have appointed representatives